Caregiver Types

Caregiver Types


A non-medical Caregiver is a person who assists senior citizens, when necessary, in the performance of the activities of daily living. It is not a medically skilled position, as the job consists primarily of what is considered custodial duties. Caregivers can help relieve burdens and support individuals in need. They may help for a long time or just a short time, but their care is always important. Caregiver requirements vary from state to state, so there is no set education level or certification required for all caregivers.


Home Health Aide

A Home Health Aide (HHA) has received formal training in patient home care skills and home management. They are qualified to perform duties and services that help maintain personal comfort and a clean, safe environment. All HHAs are trained in housekeeping tasks, basic safety techniques, and in most cases CPR. Other topics aspiring home care aides can expect to learn in their online training will be infection control, personal hygiene, nutrition basics along with reviewing and recording vital signs of their patients. There are no definitive rules and laws that cover every state and every employer to attain a certificate. Each state has minimum training required by Federal law: at least 75 hours of training, including at least 16 hours of supervised practical or clinical training and 12 hours of continuing education per 12 month period; and most states insist on seventy-five (75) hours and you must pass an evaluation.


Certified Nursing Assistant

A certified nursing assistant, or CNA, helps patients with activities of daily living and other healthcare needs under the direct supervision of a Registered Nurse (RN) or Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN). CNA’s are also commonly referred to as a Nursing Assistant, Patient Care Assistant (PCA), or a Nurse’s Aide. Education or training needed: High school diploma plus nursing assistant training. CNAs must complete a state-approved training program. These programs are generally found at local community colleges, high school, vocational or technical schools, or local hospitals. A nursing assistant training program will typically take three to eight weeks to complete. Upon completion of the program, aspiring nursing assistants must pass an exam. After successful completion, CNAs are state-certified.


Personal Care Assistant

PCA is different from a CNA, Certified Nursing Assistant, in a variety of ways. Though both jobs deal with caring for patients that require a certain level of one-on-one care, their everyday job demands differ as well as the training they had to complete to obtain their certification.


Ohio - State Tested Nursing Assistant

The job of a state tested nursing assistant (STNA) is to assist patients, monitor their health, serve meals, transport them as needed, and otherwise support a physician. People in this job frequently provide a wide range of services, including assisted living care, rehabilitation therapy, home health care, and emotional support.


Licensed Nursing Assistant

LNAs, or caregivers, fill key roles in nursing homes and long-term care facilities and are critical in caring for individuals that require a wide range of services.  Caregiver jobs serve as a great starting point for a career in healthcare and do not require a college degree.  A LNA must complete a criminal background check.  LNAs are required to practice a minimum of 160 hours within the past two years to renew a license.



NJ - Certified Home Health Aide

A NJ State Certification for a “home health aide” who provides basic care, typically to people in their homes.


Licensed Practical Nurse

LPN stands for Licensed Practical Nurse. LPNs, sometimes known as licensed vocational nurses (LVNs), are responsible for a variety of patient duties. LPNs are able to complete many of the same tasks as a registered nurse, though they do so under the supervision of an RN. LPNs get their start by successfully completing a Practical Nursing Diploma program. These programs can be found at technical schools, community colleges or career colleges and can usually be completed in as few as 12 months. After graduation, you’ll be required to pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-PN) to receive your state license and be qualified to work.


Registered Nurse

RN stands for Registered Nurse. ADN stands for Associate’s Degree in Nursing. BSN stands for Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Registered nurses are responsible for many aspects of patient care. These responsibilities can range from administering medication and treatment to coordinating plans for patient care. RNs must complete at least their associate’s degree in nursing. There are two levels of nursing degrees that can lead to a career as an RN: earning an Associate’s Degree in Nursing (ADN) or earning a Bachelor’s of Science in Nursing (BSN). An ADN program can be completed in as few as 18 months.

Senior Care